Syllabus Advanced European Studies

Title: ADVANCED EUROPEAN STUDIES

Spring 2022

Professor Carlo Ruzza semester 2

E-mail: carlo.ruzza@unitn.it

Office hours: Wednesday 4:30-6 pm or by appointment – School of International Studies (please book a time slot using this link: https://doodle.com/poll/beh4mstgsgk7ngk6 ).

OBJECTIVES

On completion of this module students are expected to be

· Familiar with contemporary debates in European Union studies.

· Be able to demonstrate an ability to think, discuss and write about these debates critically.

· The module aims to provide students with knowledge on the functioning of EU institutions, on the EU main public policies and on the main theories utilized to frame the process of European integration.

PREREQUISITES

Basic knowledge of European Union politics

CONTENTS

This module reviews some of the key policies of the European Union and the functioning of its main institutions with a particular focus on current developments. The module consists of four sections. (1) Review of EU institutions and policies, (2) Europeanisation, globalization, the European state and its transformations, (3) Theories of European integration and the impact on the EU of the 2008 financial crisis and its aftermaths.

After a brief historical review of the process of European construction, the module focuses on the structures and functions of the main EU institutions and some of the main EU policies. A second section focuses on the current debates on the process of European construction, the role of the EU in international relations with particular reference to processes of widening of the international arena and processes of redefinition of the functions of the state in the European context. With specific reference to the EU level, the third section examines current challenges and the transformations of the European Project.

TEACHING METHODS

The module is taught by discussion seminars introduced by a lecture by the module leader. The discussion is organized around set questions and prescribed readings. It is expected that students will be familiar not only with the set readings but will have read supplementary texts. It is required that students will have studied the weekly set texts sufficiently to be able to summarize them, elaborate the issues they deal with and have formed views regarding the meaning, significance and implications of the texts for the topics under consideration. The prescribed reading will be supplemented by independent reading, drawing upon library and electronic sources.

ASSESSMENT

Exam on the handbook and one of the mandatory readings listed in the reference list. Students can also choose to do a class presentation and write a related essay of 2500 words, in which case the essay plus presentation, and the exam will each be worth 50% of the final mark.

To book a presentation please used this shared spreadsheet:

https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/19uN8IhWTFojdTo0I2oJSvQb6m6PD-pZu?usp=sharing

In view of the current coronavirus emergency, further information on assessment criteria (i.e. oral or written exam) and on the structure of the module will be communicated and copied in Moodle in the near future.

OTHER INFORMATION

Each session will consist of a 45-minute presentation by the lecturer, followed by one hour and fifteen minutes of structured discussion and student presentations.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Mandatory Reading:

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics. Oxford UP, Oxford (selected chapters).

Additional Key Readings

Dedman M (2009) The Origins and Development of the European Union 1945–2008. Routledge, London

Heywood A (2011) Global Politics. Palgrave, London (selected chapters).

Staab A (2011) The European Union Explained. Indiana University Press, Bloomington

TRENZ, H.-J., RUZZA, C. & GUIRAUDON, V. 2015. Europe's Prolonged Crisis. The Making or the Unmaking of a Political Union. London: Palgrave.

Additional readings will be provided as the courses proceeds.

SEMINAR PRogramme:

Readings

There will be a seminar after each lecture. In seminars, we will cover the contents of lectures through thematically related readings. They are meant to clarify the approaches discussed in the lectures. Readings for the seminars are short articles from a variety of sources.

Students are expected to have read the materials in advance and be ready to summarise them and discuss the connections to the lectures. In the course of the discussion, we will examine all the articles assigned.

In each seminar one or two students will be ask to present in 10-15 minutes the materials assigned for the week according to a previously set schedule. Class discussion will follow.

Lectures and Seminars at a glance

1.

Section 1: Review of EU institutions and Policies

Introduction: the international historical context

24 February (Th. 10:15-11:45)

The international system in the 20thcentury and the EU.

Heywood pp. 1-52 (Ch. 1-2). Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics – Part 1 (Chapter 2)

Staab – Part 1

2.

The Recent Historical Context of the EU.

25 February (F. 14:30-16)

The EU in historical context

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics – Part 1 (Chapter 2-3)

Dedman M (2009) The Origins and Development of the European Union 1945–2008. Routledge, London

3,

Major challenges facing the EU today

3 March (Th. 10:15-11:45)

The legacy of recent enlargements, the Euro crisis, Covid-19. The long ‘crisis of legitimacy’, globalization. A crisis of globalism?

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics – Part 1 (Chapter 3)

Staab – Part 1

4.

The Institutions of the European Union in context

4 March (F. 14:30-16)

The main institutions of the EU in historical context: the Commission, the European Council and the Council of Ministers

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics – Chapter 10, 11

Staab – Part 2, ch. 4, 5

5.

The Institutions of the European Union 3

10 March (Th. 10:15-11:45)

The main institutions of the EU in historical context: the European Parliament, the European Court of Justice

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics – Chapter 12 and 13

Staab – Part 2, ch. 6, 7

6.

The Policies of the European Union 1

11 March (F. 14:30-16)

Key policies of the EU: general introduction on policy-making in the EU.

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics Ch. 16 (policy making in the EU)

Staab – Part 3

Molle, W. (2007). European Cohesion Policy. London, Routledge.

7.

The Policies of the European Union 2: Human Rights Policy, Anti-discrimination policy and anti-racism

17 March (Th. 10:15-11:45)

Anti-discrimination policy and the impact of civil society groups and social movements on the EU.

Theories of social movements. EU-level social movements and international civil society.

C Ruzza, "Civil Society Actors and EU Fundamental Rights Policy: Opportunities and Challenges" in HUMAN RIGHTS REVIEW, (2013), p. 1-17.

EUFRA (2010). Annual Report 2010. Vienna, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights.

8.

The Policies of the European Union 3: environmental policy and the role of the environmental movements at EU and Member-State levels.

18 March (F. 14:30-16)

Environmental policy and the impact of civil society groups and social movements.

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics Ch. 25)

Ruzza, C. (2007) Europe and civil society, Manchester, Manchester University Press (Chapter on EU environmental advocacy)

9.

Section 2 -- The European State: globalisation, the transformations of the European state

The European state and its recent transformations

25 March (F. 14:30-16)

State building; Theories of state formation and transformation.

Forms of political participation in the European state, globalisation, state-society relations.

Ruzza, C. (2014) The Ideology of New Public Management, Associational Representation and the Global Financial Crisis, in Partecipazione e Conflitto, v. 2014, n. 7.3

Le Galès ‘A new phase of the state story in Europe’, in Nash and Scott, p. 396

10.

Nation and Nationalism in Europe, Euroscepticism,

Populism

31 March (Th. 10:15-11:45)

Nations and nationalism in contemporary Europe; Studying ethnic conflict in Europe. Euroscepticism, Populism and the impact of Conspiracy Theories.

Leconte, C. (2008). "Opposing integration on matters of social and normative preferences: A new dimension of political contestation in the EU." Journal of Common Market Studies 46(5): 1071-1091

Schwarzmantel in Nash and Scott, p. 386

Serricchio, F., M.

Szczerbiak A, Taggart P (eds) Opposing Europe? The Comparative Party Politics of Euroscepticism (Volume 1 and 2). Oxford UP, Oxford (Introduction and Chapter 1 and 2, Vol. 2)

11.

Recent crises and their impact on the EU.

1 April (F. 14:30-16)

The financial crisis and the Covid-19 crisis.

European welfare state models and the impact of the 2008 financial crisis.

The European welfare state and its transformations, the ethos and practices of New Public management

Taylor-Gooby, P. (2008). "The new welfare state settlement in Europe." European Societies 10(1): 3-24

Hicks and Esping Anderson in Janoski 509

Kern, A., et al. (2014). "Economic Crisis and Levels of Political Participation in Europe (2002–2010): The Role of Resources and Grievances." West European Politics.

12

Europeanization

7 April (Th. 10:15-11:45)

Europeanization; the impact of the EU on national political cultures, governance

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics Ch. 8)

Sanders, J. M. (2002). "Ethnic Boundaries and Identity in Plural Societies." Annu. Rev. Sociol. 28: 327-57.

13

Political Communication in Europe

8 April (F. 14:30-16)

‘Europe’ in public Opinion and the role of the media; Communicating Europe

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics Ch. 15)

Ruzza, C. and M. Pejovic (2019). "Populism at Work: the language of the Brexiteers and the European Union." Critical Discourse Studies 16(3): 1-17.

14.

Forms of social and political participation in Europe

14 April (Th. 10:15-11:45)

Political participation over time, changing forms of political participation, social movements in Europe

Kitshelt, ‘Parties and political intermediation’, in Nash and Scott p. 149

Political Parties: Social Bases, Organization, and Environment 266

Mildred A. Schwartz and Kay Lawson in Janoski, p. 266

Money, Participation, and Votes: Social Cleavages and Electoral Politics

Jeffrey Manza, Clem Brooks, and Michael Sauder in Janoski, p. 201

15.

Private and public interest groups at EU level

21 April (Th. 10:15-11:45)

Associational representation, the role of interest groups in the EU and their relations with other forms of participation.

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics Ch. 14)

Hojnacki M, Kimball DC, Baumgartner FR, Berry JM, Leech BL (2012) Studying Organizational Advocacy and Influence:

16.

Section 3: European Studies and Democratic Theory

Europe and civil society and associational representation

22 April (F. 14:30-16)

Organised and unorganised civil society; types of consultation and advocacy; local, national and supranational civil society and governance dynamics

Perez-Diaz V, Digangi J (2011) Civil society: a multi-layered concept. Sociopedia 21 (3):433-445.

Ray ‘Civil society and the public sphere’ in Nash and Scott, 219

Reexamining Interest Group Research. Annual Review of Political Science 15:379 - 399

17.

Theories of European integration, EU legitimacy and representation.

28 April (Th. 10:15-11:45)

Theories of European Integration: functionalism, intergovernamentalism, institutionalisms, new theories.

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics Ch. 4, 5, 6.

Majone, G. (2014). "From Regulatory State to a Democratic Default." Journal of Common Market Studies.

Egan, M., et al. (2011). Research Agendas in EU Studies: Stalking the Elephant. London, Palgrave.

18.

The European Union in recent historical context. The financial crisis and its aftermaths.

Political representation and the EU.

Conclusions.

29 April (F. 14:30-16)

Theories of representation and the EU.

The European Union and the field of EU studies: prospects and challenges.

Module conclusions

Cini M, Perez-Solorzano N (eds) (2019) European Union Politics Ch. 26

Tsakatika, et al. (2013). "Euroscepticism and the Global Financial Crisis." Journal of Common Market Studies 51(1): 51-64

Staab – Conclusions